What is Ipravent® Ipratropium Respules?
Ipravent® Respules 2ml is an anticholinergic medicine. It is used in the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma. It relaxes the muscles of your airways and eases symptoms such as chest tightness, shortness of breath, wheezing, and coughing.
Ipratropium is used to help control the symptoms of lung diseases, such as asthma, chronic bronchitis, and emphysema. It is also used to treat airflow blockage and prevent the worsening of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Ipratropium belongs to the family of medicines known as bronchodilators. Bronchodilators are medicines that are breathed in through the mouth to open up the bronchial tubes (air passages) in the lungs.
Ipravent® Respules are filled with a colorless sterile solution which is known as Ipratropium Bromide. Ipratropium Bromide is classified under anticholinergic as they inhibit the action of cholinergic receptors within the respiratory tract. Inhalation of Ipratropium Bromide can suppress the activity of cholinergic receptors in patients who have asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Asthma is a chronic condition where the own immunity will get trigged against allergens. As a protective mechanism, the airways get inflamed and swollen. Therefore the lumen of the airways gets slender, making it strenuous for the patients to breathe. Due to the inflammation of the airways, the patients may experience coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath.
COPD is also a chronic lung disorder indicated by chronic bronchitis and emphysema. When the alveolar sacs get damaged and lose their elasticity, we call it emphysema. So the alveolar air sacs lose their ability for gas exchange. Bronchi are the tubes that carry gases in and out of the lungs. These bronchi get inflamed, resulting in a narrower lumen and chronic bronchitis.
Ipratropium Bromide can be used to treat chronic lung disorders and prevent asthma relapses. Ipratropium Bromide has anticholinergic properties, which can dilate the bronchioles when inhaled. The parasympathetic properties of Ipratropium Bromide help lower the acetylcholine level within neuromuscular junctions. Therefore, this mechanism disturbs the interaction between the acetylcholine and muscarinic receptors, diminishing the concentration of cyclic guanosine monophosphate and finally resulting in a bronchodilator.
Side effects of Ipravent® Respules
The majority of the side effects are because of the anticholinergic properties of Ipratropium Bromide. Hypersensitivity and local skin irritation are common side effects of any respiratory solution. Besides that, headaches, dry oral membranes, cough, and constipation are a few other frequent side effects experienced by consumers. The severity of these side effects may disappear when the body gets used to the medication.
Bronchospasm, anaphylaxis, and glaucoma exacerbation are rare effects that need immediate medical advice. If you have experienced the following side effects, never stay at home.
How to use Ipravent Respules?
This is only indicated as an inhalation solution, and avoid taking the Ipravent Respules orally or parenterally. A suitable nebulizer machine is needed to administer the Ipravent mist to the respiratory system.
Plugin the nebulizer machine, check its function, and switch the plug. Now take the nebulizer mask and add the prescribed volume of the Ipratropium Bromide solution and the typical saline solution into the nebulizer mask. Now take a seat, mix the oxygen saturation probe to the thumb finger and measure the oxygen saturation level and pulse rate. Connect the nebulizer mask to the nebulizer if the pulse rate is in the normal range. Now wear the mask and switch on the nebulizer. The nebulizer may produce ipratropium Bromide mist continuously. Breathe in through the oral cavity and exhale via the nasal cavity. Perform the same breathing technique until the entire solution is inhaled. Stop the nebulizer and recheck the oxygen saturation and pulse rate using the saturation machine, Remove the mask and wash it with running water.
- Avoid using Ipravent Repsules if you are sensitive to ipratropium Bromide and related products.
- Be cautious if you suffer from glaucoma and urinary retention.
- Avoid consuming alcohol while using Ipravent Bromide inhalations. It can worsen the severity of the lung condition.
- Ipravent® Respules are not contraindicated in pregnancy. But remember to inform the doctor if you get pregnant.
- Ipratropium Bromide may make you feel dizzy, so avoid driving and using machinery soon after the inhalation.
- Avoid smoking as it can lower the effectiveness of the medication.
- Remember to monitor serum potassium levels regularly while using Ipravent results for an extended period.