What is Januvia® Sitagliptin Tablet
Sitagliptin, sold under the brand name Januvia among others, is an anti-diabetic medication used to treat type 2 diabetes. In the United Kingdom, it is listed as less preferred than metformin or sulfonylurea. It is taken by mouth. Januvia® Sitagliptin Tablet is an antidiabetic medication. It works by increasing the release of insulin from the pancreas and decreasing the hormones that raise blood sugar levels. This reduces the fasting and postmeal sugar levels.
Common side effects include headaches, swelling of the legs, and upper respiratory tract infections. Serious side effects may include angioedema, low blood sugar, kidney problems, pancreatitis, and joint pain. Whether use in pregnancy or breastfeeding is safe is unclear. It is in the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor class and works by increasing the production of insulin and decreasing the production of glucagon by the pancreas.
Sitagliptin was developed by Merck & Co. and approved for medical use in the United States in 2006. As of 2023, it is available as a generic medication in Canada but not the United States.
Januvia® Sitagliptin Tablet is a medicine used to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus. It is used together with a healthy diet and regular exercise to control blood sugar levels. This helps to prevent serious complications of diabetes like kidney damage and blindness.
Januvia® Sitagliptin Tablet is normally prescribed when diet and exercise alone or other medicines do not prove sufficient to control your blood sugar level. Your doctor may prescribe it alone or along with other diabetes medicines. It may be taken on an empty stomach or with a meal. The dose will depend on your condition, and blood sugar levels. Therefore, you should use it as advised by your doctor.
You should take it regularly at the same time each day to get the most benefit, and you should not stop unless your doctor recommends it. This medicine is helping you to control your blood sugar levels and prevent serious complications in the future. It is important to stay on the diet and exercise program recommended by your doctor while taking this medicine. Your lifestyle plays a big part in controlling diabetes.
The most common side effect of taking this medicine is a headache. This is usually minor and improves with time. Low blood sugar level (hypoglycemia) is a possible side effect if you are also taking other diabetes medicines like insulin or sulfonylurea, so you need to know how to recognize and deal with it. It may also cause upper respiratory tract infections like sore throat, cough, and cold. Contact your doctor if the side effects worry you or if they do not go away.
Before taking this medicine, let your doctor know if you have ever had kidney disease, heart or pancreas problems, or if you drink a lot of alcohol. Pregnant or breastfeeding women should also consult their doctor before taking it. Some other medicines you are taking may interfere with this medicine’s working. So, make sure your doctor knows about all the other medicines you are using. Limit your alcohol intake while taking this medicine because it can increase your risk of developing low blood sugar levels. You may need regular tests such as kidney function and blood glucose levels to check that the medicine is working properly.
What is Sitagliptin + Dapagliflozin Tablet
Januvia® Sitagliptin + Dapagliflozin Tablet is a combination medicine that helps control blood sugar levels. This medicine is used together with diet and exercise to improve blood sugar control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. It helps in the proper utilization of insulin, thereby lowering the blood sugar level.
Januvia® Sitagliptin + Dapagliflozin Tablet can be taken with or without food at any time of day but try to take it at the same time every day. The dose will be decided by your doctor, and don’t stop taking it without consulting them. If you do, your blood sugar levels may increase and put you at risk of serious complications like kidney damage and blindness. This medicine is only a part of the treatment program that should include a healthy diet, regular exercise, and weight reduction as advised by your doctor.
The most common side effects of Januvia® Sitagliptin + Dapagliflozin Tablet include urinary tract infection, nasal congestion, sore throat, and upper respiratory tract infection. Drinking plenty of fluids while using it will help prevent dehydration. Some people may develop fungal infections in the genital area. Maintaining good hygiene can help prevent this.
Before taking this medicine, inform your doctor if you have any kidney or liver problems, a urinary tract infection, or you are on water pills (diuretics). Pregnant or breastfeeding women should also consult their doctor before taking it. Avoid excessive alcohol intake while taking this drug as this may increase the risk of some side effects. Monitor your blood sugar levels regularly while taking this medicine.
Benefits of using Januvia® Sitagliptin Tablet
In Treatment of Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Januvia® Sitagliptin Tablet belongs to a group of medicines called DPP-4 inhibitors (or gliptins). It works by helping to increase the amount of insulin your body produces after a meal and to stop your body from releasing too much glucose (sugar) into your blood. The effect is to lower blood glucose levels. This medicine is usually taken once a day, has relatively few common side effects, and does not usually make you put on weight.
Lowering blood glucose levels is an essential part of managing diabetes. If you can control the level you will reduce the risk of getting any of the serious complications of diabetes such as kidney damage, eye damage, nerve problems, and loss of limbs. Proper control of diabetes can also reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke. Taking this medicine regularly along with a proper program of diet and exercise will help you live a normal, healthy life. You should keep using it for as long as it is prescribed because it is protecting your future health.