What is Myelostat® Hydroxyurea Capsule?
Hydroxyurea is an antineoplastic (anti-cancer) agent used to treat melanoma, resistant chronic myelocytic leukemia, and recurrent, metastatic, or inoperable carcinoma of the ovary and primary squamous cell (epidermoid) carcinomas of the head and neck. Hydroxyurea is available under the following different brand names: Droxia, Hydrea, and hydroxycarbamide.
Hydroxyurea belongs to a class of drugs called antimetabolites. A class of drugs is a group of medications that work in a similar way. These drugs are often used to treat similar conditions. In people with cancer, hydroxyurea acts as a substitute for some parts that the cancer cells need to grow. Cancer cells take in hydroxyurea, which stops the cancer cell from growing. Cancer cells grow more rapidly than normal cells, so they are more affected by the drug. In people with sickle cell disease, this drug changes the shape of red blood cells. This makes it less likely for sickle cell crises to occur.
Suppressed immune system warning: The Droxia form of the capsule can reduce your body’s ability to make certain blood cells. This can decrease your ability to fight off infection. This drug can also reduce your body’s ability to make normal blood clots or use oxygen. This is called bone marrow suppression. Your doctor will monitor you closely for side effects from bone marrow suppression. These side effects include fever, infection, bruising, or bleeding.
Cancer risk warning: The Droxia form of the capsule can cause leukemia and skin cancer. However, this is rare. If you take this drug, use sunscreen and other protection from the sun and follow up with your doctor for regular skin checks.
Hydroxyurea 500mg Capsule is used in the treatment of some kinds of cancer and to prevent painful episodes associated with sickle cell anemia. It may be also used to treat some other conditions. It is sometimes used with certain other medicines as part of combination chemotherapy.
Hydroxyurea 500mg Capsule can be taken with or without food, but try to have it at the same time every day to get the most benefits. Your doctor will decide what dose is necessary and how often you need to take it. This will depend on what you are being treated for and may change from time to time. You should take it exactly as your doctor has advised. Taking it in the wrong way or taking too much can cause very serious side effects. It may take several weeks or months for you to see or feel the benefits but do not stop taking it unless your doctor tells you to.
The most common side effects of this medicine include hematological disorders, gastrointestinal symptoms, eating disorders, and weight loss. This medicine may reduce the number of blood cells in your blood thereby, increasing the susceptibility to infections. Regular blood tests are required to check your blood cells along with kidney, liver, and heart function during treatment with this medicine.
Before taking it, tell your doctor if you have bleeding, liver, or kidney problems, or are taking any medicines to treat infections. Many other medicines can affect, or be affected by, this medicine so let your doctor know all medications you are using. This medicine is not recommended during pregnancy or while breastfeeding. The use of effective contraception by both males and females during treatment is important to avoid pregnancy.
Benefits of Myelostat® Hydroxyurea Capsule
In head and neck cancer: Head and neck cancer includes cancer of the mouth, nose, sinuses, or throat. Myelostat 500mg Capsule kills or stops the growth of cancer cells and also prevents the multiplication of cancer cells. It is potent and very toxic medicine and you should discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor. You should avoid drinking alcohol or smoking while having this treatment and drink plenty of water to stay hydrated.
In sickle cell anemia: Sickle cell anemia is a disorder of the red blood cells (RBCs) in which they lose their original round shape and flexibility, turn sickle shape and eventually die out. Myelostat 500mg Capsule makes your red blood cells bigger. It helps them stay rounder and more flexible and makes them less likely to turn into a sickle shape. The medicine does this by increasing a special kind of hemoglobin called hemoglobin F. Hemoglobin F is also called fetal hemoglobin because newborn babies have it. This helps to treat this disease and also prevents further complications that may be life-threatening.
- Hematological disorder
- Gastrointestinal disorder
- Eating disorder
- Loss of appetite