Latoprost 0.005 % Eye Drops is a prostaglandin analog that is used for the treatment of increased fluid pressure inside the eye (intraocular hypertension) and open-angle glaucoma, a progressive condition that may eventually lead to vision loss. This medicine is not recommended for use in patients below 18 years of age.
Latanoprost eye drops are used to treat certain kinds of glaucoma. It is also used to treat a condition called hypertension of the eye-alone or together with other medicines to lower pressure inside the eye that is caused by open-angle glaucoma or ocular (eye) hypertension. Latanoprost appears to work by increasing the outflow of fluid from the eye. This lowers the pressure in the eye.
Latanoprost belongs to a class of drugs called prostaglandin inhibitors. A class of drugs is a group of medications that work in a similar way. These drugs are often used to treat similar conditions. Latanoprost works by lowering the pressure in your eyes. It does this by helping to increase the natural flow of fluids out of your eye.
Latanoprost, a derivative of the chemical, prostaglandin F2-alpha, is used for the treatment of glaucoma. Glaucoma is a condition in which the pressure exerted by the liquid within the eyeball (the aqueous humor) is too great. The high pressure damages the optic nerve at the back of the eye. The damage interferes with the ability of the nerve to transmit visual images from the eye to the brain and thus can lead to blindness.
Prostaglandins control the flow of the aqueous humor out of the eye. Latanoprost, by binding to a specific receptor for prostaglandin, increases the flow of aqueous humor out of the eye, thereby reducing the pressure within the eye and reducing the risk of nerve damage and blindness. When latanoprost and timolol (Timoptic) (a different drug that also is used to treat glaucoma) are used in combination, there is a greater reduction in pressure than when either drug is used alone. Latanoprost was approved by the FDA in 1996.
Latanoprost side effects
The more common side effects of Latanoprost can include:
- changes in your eye color
- changes in the thickness, length, or color of your eyelashes
- darkening of the skin around your eyes
- blurred vision
- burning or stinging
- dry eyes
If these effects are mild, they may go away within a few days or a couple of weeks. If they’re more severe or don’t go away, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.
How to use Latanoprost Eye Drops
- This medicine is for external use only. Take it in the dose and duration as advised by your doctor.
- Check the label for directions before use. Hold the dropper close to the eye without touching it.
- Gently squeeze the dropper and place the medicine inside the lower eyelid. Wipe off extra liquid.