What is Finasteride 1mg-5mg Finax® / Finast®
Finax 1mg and Finast 5mg tablets are prescribed by medical doctors to treat prostate hyperplasia and male pattern baldness. The tablets contain the antiandrogenic compound finasteride. Almost all cases of male hair loss are related to the hormone DHT. The same hormone, when produced excessively, causes prostate hyperplasia, an overly frequent condition in aging men.
DHT causes hair follicles to shrink and become unable to sprout hair. The subsequent alopecia is often irreversible and progresses gradually to baldness unless treated. Medical doctors and dermatologists prescribe Finasteride pills to block male pattern hair loss progression. A few studies showed that finasteride pills reverse androgenic hair loss in some men, which results in the restoration of healthy scalp hair.
Finasteride pills correct the underlying mechanism of hair loss in men and prostate hyperplasia. Finasteride is available in two doses, 5mg dosages once daily for benign hyperplasia and women hirsutism, 1mg once daily for male pattern alopecia.
Finax® 1 mg and Finast® 5 mg Finasteride tablets are manufactured by highly reputable Dr.Reddy’s Laboratories and Fortune Health Care which comes in a vacuum-sealed aluminum blister, 30 tablets x 1 blister. Finasteride is used only in men in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia and male pattern hair loss. It may take several months to show its effect. This medicine may affect the ejaculation even after stopping the treatment, and you may need several days to recover.
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), also called prostate enlargement, is a noncancerous increase in the size of the prostate. Symptoms may include frequent urination, trouble starting to urinate, a weak stream, inability to urinate, or loss of bladder control. Complications can include urinary tract infections, bladder stones, and chronic kidney problems.
Pattern hair loss, known as male-pattern hair loss (MPHL) when it affects males and female-pattern hair loss (FPHL) when it affects females, is hair loss that primarily affects the top and front of the scalp. In males, hair loss often presents as a receding hairline, while in females, it typically presents as a thinning of the hair.
Finasteride is suitable for the reduction of both the prostate and the prostate scalp. Men who have problems with their prostate have for many years benefited from this drug and is prescribed by doctors in the UK, US, and AU on a regular basis. Another effect is that finasteride combats hair loss. This type of hair loss in men is to the science known as androgenetic alopecia. This may be because the drug also reduces DHT that is active on the scalp and loss of hair will be a lot less.
Finasteride, a type of steroid reductase inhibitor, treats urinary problems in patients having an enlarged prostate gland. It also lowers the risk of needing surgery to treat this condition. It works by reducing the amount of dihydrotestosterone (DHT) hormone in the body. This makes the prostate gland smaller, which relieves urinary problems.
Mechanism of action of Oral Finasteride
Finasteride reduces DHT levels in the body. Dihydrotestosterone is the active form of testosterone that acts on cells to produce androgenic effects. The enzymes five alpha-reductase convert testosterone to DHT.
Finasteride inhibits isomers of the five alpha-reductase enzymes that exist in prostate and hair follicles. Research showed that finasteride reduces the levels of DHT in the prostate and blood. DHT levels fall by more than 90% in the prostate and 70% in the blood.
Increasing the dose does not result in more suppression of androgens. Because Finasteride pills do not inhibit all the androgen enzymes, the result is some androgenic activity left. Hence finasteride pills significantly hamper male pattern alopecia but do not completely halt it.
DHT hormones are behind the common prostate hyperplasia condition in aging men. They stimulate prostate cells proliferation resulting in an enhanced volume that tightens the ureter tube. In prostate hyperplasia patients, long-term treatment with finasteride causes prostate volume reduction. A large prostate acts as an obstacle in the urine flow. Finasteride relieves urinary symptoms caused by voluminous prostates like urinary frequency and urinary tract infections.
Finasteride can also be used in women with hirsutism. This condition is often related to a hormonal imbalance between estrogens and androgens. Excessive unopposed androgen activity causes women to grow thick and dark body hair in the face or abdomen. It can also cause alopecia in scalp hair.
The benefits of Finasteride for hirsute women with PCOS or idiopathic hirsutism
Finasteride has been used frequently in the treatment of prostate hyperplasia, but this drug inhibits 5alpha-reductase and for this reason, could be useful for the treatment of hirsutism. All the patients treated with finasteride perceived a reduction in hirsutism after 6 months. The data suggest that finasteride may be effective for the treatment of the hirsute woman with idiopathic hirsutism or polycystic ovary syndrome.
How Finasteride Lessens Excess Hair Growth in PCOS
Typically sold under the brand names Proscar and Propecia, Finasteride is a medication usually used to treat benign prostate growths and male pattern baldness in men. Sometimes finasteride is prescribed as an anti-androgenic compound for women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) who are exhibiting unwanted male-pattern hair growth on their face, chest, or back (hirsutism).
Finasteride works by blocking androgens, which are a group of hormones that play a role in male traits and reproductive activity. When androgens in the hair follicles are blocked, PCOS-related hair loss and hirsutism lessen. 70-80% of women with excess androgens demonstrate hirsutism. Androgens increase the growth rate of hair and transform short, fine, light-colored, baby hairs (vellus hair) to thick, long, and darker (terminal hair).
When androgens are reduced, new hair growth is reduced and the growth of existing terminal hair is reduced. Hair grows at different times and the growth phase varies according to the area of the body, for full growth, this cycle of growth is approximately 4 months for facial hair. This is why it is recommended to give hormonal therapy for more than 6 months to be fully effective.
For most women, androgenic symptoms are hirsutism, but for others, it can also be acne or alopecia. Many women have both hirsutism and acne and a few complaints of significant acne, hirsutism, and alopecia. Those with acne have often tried used topical treatments and oral medications like antibiotics, but the acne usually comes back after stopping the medication.
Finasteride inhibits the expression of the type 2 enzyme, 5-alpha reductase. This enzyme regulates the production of dihydrotestosterone (DHT) which has been shown to have a harmful effect on hair follicles. Taking the medication has been shown to decrease DHT levels by up to 70%. The recommended dosage amount varies from person to person and dosages of 2.5mg or 5mg per day are common. Please follow the instructions given to you by your doctor.
How Finasteride exactly works
Finasteride 5mg or 1mg has an influence on the size of the prostate. The enzyme 5-alpha-reductase ensures that testosterone can be converted to dihydrotestosterone. The latter hormone, which also is referred to as DHT, has an influence on the size of the prostate and ensures that the male characteristics more will be reflected. An important side effect is that DHT is also active on the scalp where it can eventually cause baldness. Finasteride ensures that this reaction is inhibited so that hair loss will be reduced.
Finasteride is a drug that is widely used to reduce the prostate. Men who get in a later stage of life and suffer from their prostate have since the introduction of the drug really benefited from this drug. After some time, however, it was found out that the drug also has other benefits. Fighting against hair loss with Finasteride showed to be working very well. Since science is aware of this drug effect it is frequently applied to reduce androgenetic alopecia (hair loss) in men.
Side effects and precautions when using Finasteride
Avoid using this medicine entirely if you have allergies or if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding. Consult your doctor before taking this medicine if you have a blockage in the urinary tract, problems of the bladder, prostate cancer, a bladder infection, severe trouble urinating, a history of increased serum prostate-specific antigen levels or liver problems.
This medicine may have side effects that include decreased sexual desire or ability, severe allergic reactions, breast enlargement, depression, lumps, pain, or tenderness, nipple discharge, and testicular pain.
It is administered orally, with or without food, usually once a day, or as prescribed by your doctor. Use this medication regularly in order to get the most benefit from it. It may take 6-12 months to notice a significant change in the condition.
Most patients on Finasteride pills have concerns about their impact on sexual function. Androgens are central to healthy sexual activity, so naturally, most patients suspect downside effects on their sexual life.
Several studies showed that these side effects occur at a frequency below 4%. Finasteride impacts erectile activity followed by ejaculatory activity and libido.
The side effects of finasteride occur at the beginning of the treatment. After prolonged use or discontinuation, most patients notice side effects withdrawing. Finasteride side effects are:
- Loss of libido
- Erectile dysfunction 2 to 4 %
- Decreased ejaculatory volume
- Gynecomastia: increased chest tissue volume in men
Additionally, Finasteride pills cause orthostatic hypotension in patients under alpha-blockers therapy (hypertension treatment). It also causes orthostatic hypotension in 9% of patients.
How to use/take Finasteride
- Benign prostatic hyperplasia: Finax 1 mg Tablet is used in the treatment of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia which is a condition in men where the prostate gland is enlarged and the patients have difficulty passing urine.
- Androgenetic Alopecia: Finax 1 mg Tablet is used in the treatment of male pattern hair loss.
Take Finax 1 mg or 5 mg tablet as instructed by the doctor. Do not take larger amounts than prescribed. For hair growth, this medicine is recommended only for men. It may take at least 3 months for you to see the hair growth. You will lose the hair that was grown after stopping the treatment. Do not stop taking this medicine without informing your doctor.
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