What is Efavirenz 600 Tablet (Sustiva Generic)?
Efavirenz is used in combination with other medicines for the treatment of the infection caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). HIV is the virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).Efavirenz is a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI). It works by lowering the amount of HIV in the blood.
Efavirenz will not cure or prevent HIV infection or AIDS, however, it helps keep HIV from reproducing and appears to slow down the destruction of the immune system. This may help delay the development of problems that usually result from AIDS or HIV disease. Efavirenz will not keep you from spreading HIV to other people. People who receive this medicine may continue to have some of the problems usually related to AIDS or HIV disease.
Efavir tablets contain Efavirenz as the active ingredient and can fight retrovirus. Efavir tablets are used to save the life of HIV patients. Efavirenz can be used in different doses to treat HIV patients older than 3months of age and weighing more than 3.5kiligrams. HIV is commonly transmitted by sexual relationships and can get transmitted from an infected mother to a baby during the delivery. If the HIV infections are not treated, they can get converted to a more severe form called acquired immune deficiency syndrome. So it is crucial to control the retrovirus replication within HIV-infected patients.
Efavir can actively reduce the number of HIV inside the body and support the immune system to function normally. HIV infections directly affect the human immune system. The immune system’s functions are vital, protecting the body from various other infections. So with the help of Efavirenz, the patients can control the complications associated with the immune system.
Efavirenz is considered a reverse transcriptase inhibitor. So they can inhibit the action of reverse transcriptase, which is essential in virus replication. Efavir can alleviate the disease transmission rate from HIV patients to others. In addition to that Efavir can improve the life quality of HIV-infected patients.
How to use Efavirenz 600mg (Sustiva Generic)
Efavir tablets are recommended to take orally with a glass of water. Try to consume the Efavir tablets on an empty stomach. So the absorption takes place properly. Efavir tablets are indicated to use close to bedtime. So it helps the consumer to avoid some side effects associated with the condition. If you consume Efavirenz with food, it affects the serum Efavirenz level. Avoid consuming foods for at least two hours to prevent the burden course by food from drug absorption.
Follow the doctor’s advice and follow the drug regime as prescribed. Do not skip doses and never double the dose after a missed dose. Skipping doses can help the virus multiply faster and become difficult to control.
Side effects of Efavirenz 600mg (Sustiva Generic)
1-2 days after the initial consumption, patients may experience dizziness, insomnia, drowsiness, nightmares, and concentration difficulties. But the majority will feel that the side effects go away when it comes to the 4th and 5th day of the drug regime. Avoiding alcohol during Efavir usage may help in controlling the side effects.
With the help of the medications, you will feel that the other infections may also fade away. But in rare cases, the immune system becomes overactive, resulting in weight loss, muscle weakness, tiredness, and headache. Meet the physician immediately when you experience these side effects.
There are reported cases such as bulging eyes, overactive thyroid glands, non-healing sore wounds, and swollen lymph nodes. If you experience any of these changes, remember to take medical consultations.
- Although you are under antiretroviral medications, they never eliminate the virus from the body. So continue to use precautions during sexual activities.
- Efavirenz can interact with drugs used in treating hepatitis C, antifungals, and protease inhibitors. So never self-administer any drug from these drug classes while using Efavirenz.
- Avoid foods rich in fat because it can affect drug absorption.
- Do not use any alcohol or alcohol-containing products as it helps in worsening the condition.
- Use Efavir with precautions if you are a pregnant woman. Never breastfeed a child while you are consuming Efavir. The doctor may prescribe Efavir as you are a person with HIV infection. In such instances, if you breastfeed the child. HIV can enter the child through breast milk.
- Avoid driving because Efavir makes you feel dizzy.